Relevant Research

Early Childhood Homelessness in the United States: 50-State Profile
Developed by the Administration for Children & Families, this 50-state profile project plus the District of Columbia, excluding territories, migrant and tribal information provides a snapshot of early childhood data available for children who are experiencing homelessness in each state.

When Brain Science Meets Public Policy: Rethinking Young Child Neglect from a Science-Informed, Two-Generation Perspective
This issue brief from the Institute for Child Success explores the prevalence and current conceptualizations of neglect, the impact that neglect has on a child’s brain development, and how child welfare agencies can respond by employing four science-informed, two-generation “common sense” strategies.

The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study
The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study is one of the largest investigations ever conducted to assess associations between childhood maltreatment and later-life health and well-being. The study is a collaboration between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Kaiser Permanente's Health Appraisal Clinic in San Diego.

The National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW) is a nationally representative, longitudinal survey of children and families who have been the subjects of investigation by Child Protective Services. There have been two cohorts of children enrolled in the survey, which makes available data drawn from first-hand reports from children, parents, and other caregivers, as well as reports from caseworkers, teachers, and data from administrative records.  NSCAW examines child and family well-being outcomes in detail and seeks to relate those outcomes to experience with the child welfare system and to family characteristics, community environment, and other factors.

ZERO TO THREE  DC:0-3R
Originally published in 1994, ZERO TO THREE’s Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood (DC:0-3) was the first developmentally based system for diagnosing mental health and developmental disorders in infants and toddlers. Its diagnostic categories reflected the consensus of a multidisciplinary group of experts in early childhood development and mental health.

The revised DC:0-3 (DC:0-3R) draws on empirical research and clinical practice that have occurred worldwide since 1994. DC:0-3R, published in 2005, extends DC:0-3 by incorporating empirical research and clinical practice. It supports clinicians in diagnosing and treating mental health problems in the earliest years. Specifically, DC:0-3R is designed to help mental health and other professionals: recognize mental health and developmental challenges in young children; understand how relationships and environmental factors contribute to mental health and developmental disorders; use diagnostic criteria effectively for classification and intervention, and work more effectively with parents and other professionals to develop effective treatment plans.